The rod that blossomed alludes to Yeshua, the Righteous Branch that came back to life and has been given the authority of the ineffable name: “God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name” (Philippians 2:9). He is the high priest in the heavenly Temple, the high priest of the order of Melchizedek, seated at the right hand of God.
The LORD commanded Moses to keep Aaron’s rod before the ark to be kept as a sign for future generations. The writer of the book of Hebrews points out that Moses kept three things inside the ark: “A golden jar holding the manna, and Aaron’s rod which budded, and the tables of the covenant” (Hebrews 9:4). Each item alludes to one of the three offices of Messiah—prophet, priest, and king. In His first coming, Yeshua came primarily in the role of a prophet. After His resurrection and ascension, He entered His role as our heavenly high priest. When He comes again, He will reign in Zion as King.
The manna symbolizes His role as a prophet, as it says, “[He] fed you with manna … that He might make you understand that man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by everything that proceeds out of the mouth of the LORD” (Deuteronomy 8:3). Yeshua said, “I am the bread that came down out of heaven” (John 6:41). Aaron’s rod that budded symbolizes His resurrection and priestly ministry, seated at the right hand of the Father. The tables of the covenant symbolize His role as king and lawgiver. In the Messianic Era, all nations will be subject to the King Messiah, and the Torah will go forth from Zion.
Moses and the children of Israel kept Aaron’s staff in the ark as a testimony of God’s choice of the house of Aaron. According to Jewish legend, “The same staff was held in the hand of every king until the Temple was destroyed, and then it was hidden away. That same staff also is destined to be held in the hand of King Messiah” (Numbers Rabbah 18:23).
That same staff also is destined to be held in the hand of King Messiah (may he come speedily in our days), as it says [in Psalm 110:2], “The LORD will stretch forth Your strong scepter from Zion, saying, ‘Rule in the midst of Your enemies.’” (Numbers Rabbah 18:23)