The Heels of Messiah

Is this last generation before the coming of the Messiah? When things seem darkest, we should listen for the footsteps of Messiah.

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Toldot

Regular Shabbat Readings

Read / Listen to these Portions

  • Toldot (תולדות | Family history)
  • Torah: Genesis 25:19-28:9
  • Haftarah: Malachi 1:1-2:7
  • Gospel: Matthew 10:21-38

Note: The regular readings are often interrupted with special readings on Jewish holidays, special Sabbaths, and Rosh Chodesh. Refer to the annual Torah Portion schedule for these special portions.

Portion Outline

  • Torah
    • Genesis 25:19 | The Birth and Youth of Esau and Jacob
    • Genesis 25:29 | Esau Sells His Birthright
    • Genesis 26:1 | Isaac and Abimelech
    • Genesis 26:34 | Esau's Hittite Wives
    • Genesis 27:1 | Isaac Blesses Jacob
    • Genesis 27:30 | Esau's Lost Blessing
    • Genesis 27:41 | Jacob Escapes Esau's Fury
    • Genesis 28:6 | Esau Marries Ishmael's Daughter
  • Prophets
    • Mal 1:1 | Introduction
    • Mal 1:2 | Israel Preferred to Edom
    • Mal 1:6 | Corruption of the Priesthood

Portion Summary

The sixth reading from the book of Genesis is named Toldot (תולדות), which means "generations." It is so named because the Torah portion begins with the words "Now these are the records of the generations of Isaac" (Genesis 25:19). Toldot tells us the story of the birth of Jacob and Esau and their struggle for the birthright and blessing of their father, Isaac. We also learn about Isaac's trials and difficulties in the land of Canaan. The portion concludes with Jacob's deception of Isaac in order to procure the family blessing.


The name Ya’akov (Jacob, יעקב) sounds like the Hebrew word for “heel (akev, עקב).” That’s the wordplay behind the verse that says, “Afterward his brother came forth with his hand holding on to Esau’s heel, so his name was called Jacob” (Genesis 25:26). From a Messianic perspective, the name also hints back to the warning in Genesis 3:15 where the LORD said that the seed of the serpent will bruise the “heel” of the seed of the woman. The “seed of the woman” can be understood as a prophetic title for the Messiah. The Bible mentions the “heels of Messiah” in the Psalms:

Your enemies have reproached, O LORD, they have reproached the heels of Your Messiah. (Psalm 89:52[51])

The rabbis understood these references to “the heels of the Messiah” symbolically to indicate the final generation that will see the coming of the Messiah. Rabbinic sources refer to the generation of the final redemption as the “heels of Messiah (Ikveta deMeshicha, עקבתא דמשיחא)," or to translate it another way, “the footsteps of Messiah.” When things seem darkest, we should listen for the footsteps of Messiah.

The Mishnah predicts what it will it be like in the generation of “the footsteps of Messiah.”

With the footsteps of Messiah, impertinence increases and famine increases. The vine gives its fruit and wine is expensive. The government turns to heresy and there is no reproof. The house of assembly will be for prostitutes, and Galilee will be laid waste and the [Golan] made desolate. The border inhabitants will go from town to town, receiving no hospitality, and no one will take pity on them. The wisdom of the scribes will sour, and those who fear sin will be rejected. Truth will be sealed away, children will shame elders, and elders will rise before children, as it says [in Micah 7:6], “For son treats father contemptuously, daughter rises up against her mother, daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; a man’s enemies are the men of his own household.” The face of the [last] generation will be like the face of a dog. A son will not feel any shame before his father. Upon whom shall we depend? Upon our Father in heaven. (m.Sotah 9:15)

Yeshua predicts a time of calamity before the coming of the Son of Man when "the love of most will grow cold" and "a man's enemies will be the members his household" (Matthew 10:30). This was the case with Jacob and Esau. Jacob’s life, his struggle with Esau, and his many travails allude to the difficult days of trial and tribulation that will come upon the world and upon the people of Israel before the coming of Messiah. Even the meaning of Jacob's name hints toward that interpretation. The prophet Jeremiah spoke of the coming judgment on his people as the time of Jacob’s trouble: “Alas! for that day is great, there is none like it; and it is the time of Jacob's distress, but he will be saved from it” (Jeremiah 30:7). Although the seed of the serpent may bruise the heel of Messiah, the Messiah will crush the serpents head beneath his heel.

Adapted From: Torah Club Commentary Set: Shadows of the Messiah. Learn more about Torah Club and how you can start a Club of your own, or join a Torah Club in your area. Visit TORAHCLUB.ORG

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Torah Club is an interactive group Bible study that brings together disciples from diverse backgrounds to share the common ground of new discovery. This year only, Torah Clubs have the option of following the main study track commentary, Shadows of the Messiah. This deep dive into the Torah employs Jewish commentary and ancient Christian texts to reveal Messiah in the books of Moses.

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