Yeshua’s teachings reveal the moral, ethical intention behind the commandments and expose the internal deviancy of the heart of man. He cuts past external appearances and plants the inner meaning of the Torah deep in the heart.
Those who annul even the least of the commandments and teach others to do so as well will be called “least in the kingdom of heaven. The person who keeps the Torah’s commandments and teaches others to do so as well will be considered great in the Messianic Era.
The phrase “until all is accomplished” stands parallel to the phrase “until heaven and earth pass away.” In other words, the validity, authority, and unchanging revelation of the Torah will continue until this present world is swallowed up into the new heavens and new earth of the World to Come—that day when everything will have been accomplished.
The “one who asks” refers to the one who asks the Father in prayer, as James the brother of the Master explained, “You do not have because you do not ask” (James 4:2). The rabbis teach, “An answer to prayer is connected to the calling, and calling is connected to the answer.”
Rabbi Hillel used to say, “If you see a generation that does not cherish the Torah, hold in your words.” It does no good to preach Bible at atheists; it only provokes them. On a practical level, we should not force the message of the kingdom on people who do not want to hear it.
Six days after what? Is there some significance to the six days before the transfiguration? Some scholars believe that the six days refer to a six-day period of ritual preparation, fasting, and ritual purification. “After six days” also alludes to Moses’ ascent up Mount Sinai.
Yeshua used different metaphors to describe His relationship with His disciples. He compared it to that of a shepherd and his flock. He compared it to a bridegroom and wedding guests. In one place, he compared it to a vine and branches.
People say, “You can’t take it with you.” Yeshua contradicted that adage by citing the common Jewish belief that resources given to the needy will be repaid and rewarded in the Messianic Era and the World to Come. “Treasures in heaven” does not refer to literal treasure stored up someplace beyond the sky, instead, it means “treasure with God.”
If Yeshua’s opponents could prove Him to be a Torah-breaker, they could discredit His ministry and His claims. If they could prove that He intended to abolish or annul the Torah, they could dismiss Him as a heretic. To answer their charges, the Master declared the validity of the Torah and the Prophets—i.e., the whole Tanach.
A lamp placed under a bowl extinguishes itself for lack of oxygen. Likewise, the light of the world where the Temple stood, the menorah burned, the Sanhedrin convened, the rabbis taught, the Torah was studied, and the nation of Israel assembled, was in danger of being extinguished.