Six days after what? Is there some significance to the six days before the transfiguration? Some scholars believe that the six days refer to a six-day period of ritual preparation, fasting, and ritual purification. “After six days” also alludes to Moses’ ascent up Mount Sinai.
Yeshua used different metaphors to describe His relationship with His disciples. He compared it to that of a shepherd and his flock. He compared it to a bridegroom and wedding guests. In one place, he compared it to a vine and branches.
People say, “You can’t take it with you.” Yeshua contradicted that adage by citing the common Jewish belief that resources given to the needy will be repaid and rewarded in the Messianic Era and the World to Come. “Treasures in heaven” does not refer to literal treasure stored up someplace beyond the sky, instead, it means “treasure with God.”
If Yeshua’s opponents could prove Him to be a Torah-breaker, they could discredit His ministry and His claims. If they could prove that He intended to abolish or annul the Torah, they could dismiss Him as a heretic. To answer their charges, the Master declared the validity of the Torah and the Prophets—i.e., the whole Tanach.
A lamp placed under a bowl extinguishes itself for lack of oxygen. Likewise, the light of the world where the Temple stood, the menorah burned, the Sanhedrin convened, the rabbis taught, the Torah was studied, and the nation of Israel assembled, was in danger of being extinguished.
Contrary to popular theology which teaches that a man’s righteous acts are only regarded as filthy rags before the LORD, the Master assumes that sincere acts of righteousness such as giving alms do achieve merit with God. The man who gives charity lays up treasure in heaven.
Yeshua says that the poor will inherit the kingdom. That sounds great if you are poor. But what if you aren’t? Our Master Yeshua had a divine mandate to proclaim good news to the poor. He declared the poor to be inheritors of the Messianic Era.
God does not lead His people into enticement, but He may lead us into difficulties which test our character and try our faith and allegiance. The petition beseeches God to lead us not into difficulties, evil occurrences, tragedy, misfortune, disease, and so forth. The prayer honestly admits one’s own frailty and human limitations.
Who were the lost sheep of Israel? They were the sinners, tax-collectors, harlots, and backslidden among the Jewish people—the “secular Jews” of the day who had abandoned Torah and the religion of their fathers. For Yeshua “did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”
The prophets say that the Messiah will initiate an era of world peace during which “the wolf will dwell with the lamb” and the nations will hammer their swords into plowshares. “Nation will not lift up sword against nation, and...