Why doesn’t Yeshua use parables in the Gospel of John like He does in the other Gospels? Actually, He does. For example, the text in John 5:19-20 seems to be the summary of a parable that Yeshua told to explain His own relationship to God in terms of a son’s apprenticeship under his father.
An angel used to stir the waters of the Pool of Bethesda. What else do we know about this mysterious pool? An archaeological dig in 1956 revealed the remains of a rectangular pool surrounded by four colonnaded porticoes with a fifth portico dividing the pool into two separate pools, verifying John’s description of the location.
The question is not one of being Jewish or Samaritan, nor is it one of worshiping in Jerusalem or on Gerizim. The important matter concerns the heart attitude of the individual worshiper and the revelation of God. To worship God in spirit is to worship Him as one spiritually reborn from above, born again.
According to the traditional understanding of the passage, Nicodemus was baffled because Yeshua used figurative language. On the contrary, modern readers are the ones who misunderstand the teaching. The rabbis use almost identical language to describe the legal transformation a Gentile must undergo in order to complete a conversion to become Jewish.
Yeshua refused to provide signs and wonders on demand, but then goes and turns water to wine or heals a sick person. The key to understanding Yeshua’s miracles requires a look into the promises of the Messianic Era.
How does one explain the “us-versus-them” tone in the Gospel of John, which seems to depict “the Jews” in antithesis to Yeshua? The Johannine community of the late-first century and early-second century consisted primarily of Gentiles, perhaps still bitter over their recent expulsion from the synagogue.
John says that in the beginning the Word was with God, but Proverbs says that Wisdom was with God in the beginning. An ancient Jewish translation of the Bible reconciles the discrepancy. Continue learning about Jesus in his original context by joining a local Torah Club near you!
The Father sends the disciples a comforter that the world does not see or know. The world cannot see the Spirit, and what they cannot see they cannot know. The disciples, on the other hand, already know the Spirit, “because He abides with you and will be in you” (John 14:17).
The commandments the Master binds upon His disciples with the cords of love are the commands, judgments, ordinances, and statutes of the Torah. He bound them to observe even the least of the Torah’s commandments (Matthew 5:17-20). All of Yeshua’s teachings were explanations and interpretations on His Father’s Torah commandments.
Yeshua says that His disciples will “do the deeds that I do and will do greater things than these.” Did His disciples actually do greater deeds than His? According to tradition, the miracles and wonders of the Messianic Era will utterly eclipse even the greatest signs and wonders performed by Moses.